What has the Department of Women and Children achieved? The founders would be happy to know that the programme they tried out in five villages is now a nationwide campaign, that the inchoate idea they has then is now a coherent approach to empowerment, and that the 'unilateral belief' they had on the agency of ultra-poor women has actually worked wonders. More to the point, the achievements of the Department may be presented in terms of extension, participation, change and continuity.